Origanum dictamus is an endemic brushwood of Crete and is growing broadly practically in all the mountains of the island and not only in Dikti as its name implies. It spreads from the sea level up to 1,600 m exclusively in cliffs and canyons.

Dictamus has antiseptic, tonic and antispasmodic action. It is used to improve wounds healing as a sedative of the digestive system, as well as against flu and the common cold.

It acts as a spasmolytic and contributes to the prevention and treatment of circulatory and cardiac problems, relieves headaches and stomach upsets.

In Minoan Crete and in general in Ancient Greece, dictamus was one of the most important pharmaceutical plants. Hippocrates used it against stomach and digestive disorders.